Atherosclerosis and Cardiovascular Disease
Atherosclerosis is a build up of plaque inside your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenrich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. With an unhealthy lifestyle, increased age, other co-morbidities and oxidised circulating cholesterol, plaque sticks to artery walls and hardens, narrowing the arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body. Atherosclerosis can lead to the serious problem of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) which can often lead to death.
A) Normal artery free of plaque
B) Atherosclerotic artery highlighting plaque build up.